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What is Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering?

Regenerative medicine seems like a term from the future, but it’s actually today’s reality. Regenerative medicine, or RM, is one of the fastest-growing medicinal fields. While it transcends conventional medical practices, its aim of curing remains the same. So, in essence, RM restores normal function through engineering by replacing and regenerating human cells, tissues, and organs. Moreover, it helps in resuming normal function in injured organs due to disease, age, or congenital disabilities. RM treatments include many different practices and methods. There’s no one-size-fits-all when it comes to non-surgical medical practices. Not every solution is the one for you. So, you need to find which one fits your needs the best. So join us as we learn the basics of RM and tissue engineering.

What is Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering?

How Do Tissue Engineering and RM Work?

Cells are the basic building blocks of our body, and they make up every tissue that makes up our organs. This technically makes cells the basics of the human body. So whenever we’re sick, there’s some problem in those cells somewhere. Sometimes, these problems grow so much that they lead to the death of major areas of cells. Thus causing tissues to die and reducing the efficiency of the organ. Which may lead to pain and other complaints.

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This is where the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering becomes crucial, especially for those seeking regenerative medicine in Marlboro.  These practices use the support structures inside of these cells. They use the signalling power of these structures and engineer them into healing and even recreating. It starts by creating a scaffold out of proteins, plastics, or other synthetic means. They mainly use cells that have a mix of growth factors and the power to start healing dead cells. In most cases, the cells start to heal, thus healing the tissues and the organ. Meanwhile, in other cases, the cells, scaffolds, and growth factors mix. This causes the tissue regeneration to start the self-assembling process.

The second method involves using an existing scaffold. In this case, you’ll need a donor. Skilled medical hands use the donor organ cells to extract the collagen scaffold from them. They then use the scaffold to grow new tissues. This process is famous for making tissues of organs like kidneys, lungs, and the heart! This way of using human cells for scaffolding works best. The bioengineers can use the discarded cells from your surgery to make organs. Moreover, your body won’t reject this organ either, as it has the same markers as your body. Thus making it an extremely effective way of re-making dead or damaged cells.

Areas of Work on Regenerative Medicine:

RM is a vast field with work in many disciplines. There are different branches of RM that each specialize in one particular kind of cure. So, let us find out more about what RM has to offer!

Cellular Therapy:

We know how cells make up our body. In the same way, stem cells are responsible for creating each cell in our body. These cells turn into specialized cells by growing and morphing to carry out certain tasks. This makes these cells extremely important for our growth and maintenance. Through RM, we harness the power of these stem cells into a vial that will help your dead cells regrow. Studies show how stem cells help in promoting the growth and healing of your cells. Thus, experts collect samples of these stem cells from various areas of your body. This includes either your fat, blood, bone marrow, dental pulp, muscles, or other areas. Then, they inject these cells into the area of injury or disease. If you’re lucky enough and the conditions are right, the damage will start to reverse.

If you wish to learn more about the best regenerative medicine treatments, then visit Jersey Joint, Spine, & Regen.

Tissue Engineering:

This method uses a little more of an engineering approach. By adding more synthetic materials to it than natural ones. Tissue engineering uses man-made scaffolds that are safe for you. Experts implant these scaffolds at the site of damage or injury. Another interesting thing that you can control with these scaffolds is the shape. If it is a geometric one that compliments the shape of the tissue that you need to generate. Then, it will synthesize a tissue in the shape that you want. If this newly forming tissue is subject to exercise. Then, it will change the tissue in the way you want it to. So, this is the best option if you’re looking for a synthetic healing process.

Despite the many patients who receive this therapy, this field is still new. Thus, there are many more avenues to explore before the medical world perfects this therapy. This therapy’s main area of success is soft tissue manipulation therapy.

Medical Devices & Artificial Organs:

This is one of the most major and invasive areas of regenerative medicine treatments. It is also a critical procedure due to its nature. If an organ fails completely or partially, you’ll need medical devices to support it or completely replace the organ. In the case of failure, the go-to option is to replace the organ. However, the main issue with this is the availability of donor organs. We also need to make sure that the donor takes immunosuppressant drugs or not.

This is important to prevent the recipient’s body from rejecting the donor organ. However, there are many cases where no immediate donor is available. And clearly, you can’t wait when one of the organs is failing. So, this is where medical devices come into play. Devices like VADs help support the heart during transplants and long-term blood flow problems.  These medical devices are supporting machines that help the organs to continue doing their job.

Also Read: Understanding the Basics of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy:

Places For Regenerative Medicine:

Physical Therapy:

You can receive physical therapy in a clinic, a hospital, or even at home with a therapist’s guidance.

Rehabilitation:

This can happen in different places too. However, it’s often in a special rehab center where they have all the equipment and experts you might need for consultation.

Time Duration For Regenerative Medicine:

Physical Therapy:

Mainly short-term, focusing on getting your body back to functioning.

Rehabilitation:

Long-term because it’s about getting your whole life back on track. Hence, it might take weeks or even months of hard work.

Tissue Engineering & RM vs Current Medical Practices:

Despite the futuristic approach of RM and tissue regeneration, they are a small part of treatments. The industries that widely use it are for joint pain and aesthetic purposes. So join Jersey Joint, Spine, & Regen for technologically advanced interventional pain management.

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